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theorems:weinberg-witten_theorem [2017/05/07 14:24]
jakobadmin created
theorems:weinberg-witten_theorem [2020/04/12 15:17] (current)
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-====== ​weinberg-witten theorem ​======+====== ​Weinberg-Witten Theorem ​======
-<​tabbox ​Why is it interesting?​+<​tabbox ​Intuitive
-<tabbox Layman?+<blockquote>Higher spin particles have to be coupled to conserved currents, and there are no conserved currents of high spin in quantum field theories. The only conserved currents are vector currents associated with internal symmetries, the stress-energy tensor current, the angular momentum tensor current, and the spin-3/2 supercurrent,​ for a supersymmetric theory.
-<note tip> +This restriction on the currents constrains the spins to 0,1/2 (which do not need to be coupled to currents), spin 1 (which must be coupled to the vector currents), spin 3/2 (which must be coupled to supercurrent) and spin 2 (which must be coupled to the stress-energy tensor)<​cite>​https://​​a/​15164/​37286</cite></​blockquote
-Explanations in this section should contain no formulasbut instead colloquial things like you would hear them during ​coffee break or at a cocktail party. +<​tabbox ​Concrete
-</note> +
-  ​ +
-<​tabbox ​Student+
-"​[[http://​​doi/​10.1002/​andp.200810305/​epdf|The Weinberg-Witten theorem on massless particles: an essay]]"​ by Florian Loebbert+  * A good introduction to the theorem and its meaning can be found in "​[[http://​​doi/​10.1002/​andp.200810305/​epdf|The Weinberg-Witten theorem on massless particles: an essay]]"​ by Florian Loebbert 
 +  * see also [[https://​​a/​15164/​37286|this great post]] by Ron Maimon 
 +  * Another great discussion can be found in Schwartz'​ QFT book page 153ff.
-<​tabbox ​Researcher+<​tabbox ​Abstract>​  
-<note tip> +Frequently occurring scientific expressions will be abbreviatedquantum 
-The motto in this section is//the higher the level of abstraction, the better//. +field theory (QFT). local quantum physics (LQP), point-like (pl), string-like 
-</​note>​+(sl), string-local quantum field theory (SLFT), power-counting bound (pcb), 
 +spontaneous symmetry breaking (SSB), string theory (ST), the Becchi-RouetStora-Tyutin 
 +gauge formalism (BRST).
---> Common Question 1#+[...]
-  +This does not only lead to the sl replacement of the missing pl massless 
-<--+potential but it also **defuses a No-Go theorem by Weinberg and Witten** claiming 
 +that massless energy-momentum tensors do not exist for s ≥ 2 [37]. The correct 
 +statement is that pl conserved massless E-M tensors do not exist; they have to 
 +be replaced by sl E-M tensors which are different as densities but lead to the 
 +same global charges (generators of the Poincare group).
---Common Question 2#+<​cite>​https://​​pdf/​1612.00003.pdf</​cite>​ 
   ​   ​
-<​tabbox ​Examples+<​tabbox ​Why is it interesting?​ 
 +The punchline of the Weinberg-Witten theorem is that there are no interacting theories of massless particles of spin greater than 2.
---> Example1# +<​blockquote>"​The Weinberg–Witten theorem states that a massless particle of spin strictly greater than one cannot possess an energy-momentum tensor $T_{\mu \nu}$ which is both Lorentz covariant and gauge invariant. Of course, this no-go theorem does not preclude gravitational interactions. In the spin-two case, it implies that there cannot exist any gauge-invariant energy-momentum tensor for the graviton."<​cite>https://​​abs/​1007.0435</cite></blockquote
- +
-  +
-<-- +
- +
---> Example2:+
- +
-  +
-<-- +
-   +
-<tabbox History+
 </​tabbox>​ </​tabbox>​
theorems/weinberg-witten_theorem.1494159861.txt.gz · Last modified: 2017/12/04 08:01 (external edit)