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theorems:goldstones_theorem [2018/05/15 04:59]
jakobadmin
theorems:goldstones_theorem [2018/05/15 05:00] (current)
jakobadmin
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 <​cite>​http://​www.jstor.org/​stable/​pdf/​10.1086/​518324.pdf</​cite>​ <​cite>​http://​www.jstor.org/​stable/​pdf/​10.1086/​518324.pdf</​cite>​
 </​blockquote>​ </​blockquote>​
 +
 +
 +----
 +
 +**Examples**
 +
 +--> Landau phonons in Bose-Einstein condensates#​
 +
 +"The Bose-Einstein condensation is characterized by the
 +breaking of a global U(1) gauge group (acting on the Bose particle field
 +as the U(1) group of Example 1), as very clearly displayed by the free
 +Bose gas.5 The U(1) breaking leads to the existence of Goldstone
 +modes, the so-called Landau phonons, and the existence of such excitations
 +may in turn indicate the presence of a broken U(1) symmetry"​ [[https://​arxiv.org/​pdf/​1502.06540.pdf |Source]] ​
 +
 +<--
  
 ---- ----
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 <​cite>​https://​arxiv.org/​pdf/​1703.05448.pdf</​cite>​ <​cite>​https://​arxiv.org/​pdf/​1703.05448.pdf</​cite>​
 </​blockquote>​ </​blockquote>​
-  ​ 
-<tabbox Examples> ​ 
  
---> Landau phonons in Bose-Einstein condensates#​ 
  
-"The Bose-Einstein condensation is characterized by the +
-breaking of a global U(1) gauge group (acting on the Bose particle field +
-as the U(1) group of Example 1), as very clearly displayed by the free +
-Bose gas.5 The U(1) breaking leads to the existence of Goldstone +
-modes, the so-called Landau phonons, and the existence of such excitations +
-may in turn indicate the presence of a broken U(1) symmetry"​ [[https://​arxiv.org/​pdf/​1502.06540.pdf |Source]]  +
-<--+
  
  
theorems/goldstones_theorem.txt · Last modified: 2018/05/15 05:00 by jakobadmin