theorems:goldstones_theorem

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theorems:goldstones_theorem [2018/05/15 04:59] jakobadmin |
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<cite>http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/10.1086/518324.pdf</cite> | <cite>http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/10.1086/518324.pdf</cite> | ||

</blockquote> | </blockquote> | ||

+ | |||

+ | |||

+ | ---- | ||

+ | |||

+ | **Examples** | ||

+ | |||

+ | --> Landau phonons in Bose-Einstein condensates# | ||

+ | |||

+ | "The Bose-Einstein condensation is characterized by the | ||

+ | breaking of a global U(1) gauge group (acting on the Bose particle field | ||

+ | as the U(1) group of Example 1), as very clearly displayed by the free | ||

+ | Bose gas.5 The U(1) breaking leads to the existence of Goldstone | ||

+ | modes, the so-called Landau phonons, and the existence of such excitations | ||

+ | may in turn indicate the presence of a broken U(1) symmetry" [[https://arxiv.org/pdf/1502.06540.pdf |Source]] | ||

+ | |||

+ | <-- | ||

---- | ---- | ||

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<cite>https://arxiv.org/pdf/1703.05448.pdf</cite> | <cite>https://arxiv.org/pdf/1703.05448.pdf</cite> | ||

</blockquote> | </blockquote> | ||

- | | ||

- | <tabbox Examples> | ||

- | --> Landau phonons in Bose-Einstein condensates# | ||

- | "The Bose-Einstein condensation is characterized by the | + | |

- | breaking of a global U(1) gauge group (acting on the Bose particle field | + | |

- | as the U(1) group of Example 1), as very clearly displayed by the free | + | |

- | Bose gas.5 The U(1) breaking leads to the existence of Goldstone | + | |

- | modes, the so-called Landau phonons, and the existence of such excitations | + | |

- | may in turn indicate the presence of a broken U(1) symmetry" [[https://arxiv.org/pdf/1502.06540.pdf |Source]] | + | |

- | <-- | + | |

theorems/goldstones_theorem.txt · Last modified: 2018/05/15 05:00 by jakobadmin

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